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Hexane 99% (n-Hexane)

Hexane 99% (n-Hexane)

Hexane is a colorless liquid, odorless when pure, and with boiling points approximately 69 °C (156 °F). It is widely used as a cheap, relatively safe, largely unreactive, and easily evaporated non-polar solvent.

Hexane, also known as N-hexane or CH3-[CH2]4-CH3, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alkanes. These are acyclic branched or unbranched hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2 , and therefore consisting entirely of hydrogen atoms and saturated carbon atoms. Thus, is considered to be a hydrocarbon lipid molecule. exists as a solid and is considered to be practically insoluble (in water) and relatively neutral. has been detected in multiple biofluids, such as feces and saliva. Within the cell, is primarily located in the membrane (predicted from logP). is also a parent compound for other transformation products, including but not limited to, 3-hexanone, 5-iminohexane-1, 2, 3, 4, 6-pentol, and 3-mercaptohexanol, is an alkane tasting compound that can be found in a number of food items such as mollusks, fruits, mushrooms, and citrus. This makes a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. is a potentially toxic compound.

n-Hexane is a chemical made from crude oil. Pure n-Hexane is a colorless liquid with a slightly disagreeable odor. It is highly flammable, and its vapors can be explosive. Pure n-Hexane is used in laboratories. Most of the n-Hexane used in industry is mixed with similar chemicals called solvents. The major use for solvents containing n-Hexane is to extract vegetable oils from crops such as soybeans. These solvents are also used as cleaning agents in the printing, textile, furniture, and shoemaking industries. Certain kinds of special glues used in the roofing and shoe and leather industries also contain n-Hexane. Several consumer products contain n-Hexane, such as gasoline, quick-drying glues used in various hobbies, and rubber cement. 

The main use of hexane is as a solvent to extract edible oils from seed and vegetable crops (e.g., soybeans, peanuts, corn). Hexane is also used as a cleaning agent (degreaser) in the printing industry.

 

Industry Uses:

Corrosion inhibitors and anti-scaling agents

Drying agent

Fuels and fuel additives

Functional fluids (closed systems)

Intermediates

Laboratory chemicals

Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories

Plating agents and surface treating agents

Processing aids, not otherwise listed

Solvents (which become part of product formulation or mixture)

 

Consumer Uses:

Adhesives and sealants

Automotive care products

Fuels and related products

Laboratory use

Non-TSCA use

Paints and coatings

Petrochemical

Plastic and rubber products not covered elsewhere

Wheel covering for automotive transport

 

Industry Processing Sectors:

All other basic organic chemical manufacturing

All other chemical product and preparation manufacturing

All other petroleum and coal products manufacturing

Construction

Food, beverage, and tobacco product manufacturing

Laboratory use

NAICS Code 322220 - Paper Bag and Coated and Treated Paper Manufacturing

Paint and coating manufacturing

Petrochemical manufacturing

Petroleum lubricating oil and grease manufacturing

Petroleum refineries

Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing

Plastic material and resin manufacturing

Services

Transportation equipment manufacturing

Wholesale and retail trade

 

GHS Hazard Statements:

H225: Highly Flammable liquid and vapor [Danger Flammable liquids]

H304: May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways [Danger Aspiration hazard]

H315: Causes skin irritation [Warning Skin corrosion/irritation]

H336: May cause drowsiness or dizziness [Warning Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure; Narcotic effects]

H361f ***: Suspected of damaging fertility [Warning Reproductive toxicity]

H373 **: Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure [Warning Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure]

H411: Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects [Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard]